Covent Garden
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Glossary

Action Area An area selected for comprehensive treatment by development, redevelopment, or improvement in accordance with a local plan over a period of about 10 years. (e.g. Covent Garden).

Architrave The word is loosely applied to any decorative moulding around internal and external openings.

Area of Special Archaeological Priority (Covent Garden) Area within which important archaeological remains can be expected, requiring close liaison and cooperation between archaeologists, the City of Westminster and English Heritage.

Astragal Glazing bar.

Beading Decorative small moulding strip, usually in timber, defining
panels.

Bollard A low street post used to protect buildings and pavements from vehicles.

Capital A decorative ornament at the top of a column. Each of the five Classical Orders has its appropriate capital.

Cartouche Decorative framed panel usually with an inscription or heraldry.

Chamfer Shaved edge.

Cill The horizontal member at the base of openings in buildings.

Clerestory Windowed wall above a side roof.

Coade stone 18th and early 19th Century artificial terracotta-type material invented by Mrs Elizabeth Coade, much used for ornament in late Georgian architecture.

Conservation Area An area declared by a local planning authority (under Section 1 of the Town and Country Amenities Act 1974) as being of special architectural or historical interest, the character and appearance of which is desirable to preserve or enhance. The Council has additional planning powers and policies to guide and control development.

Console bracket A decorative S-shaped bracket used visually to support projecting parts of buildings.

Cornice Horizontal decorative moulding at top of the entablature or junctions between different levels externally and at wall and ceiling junctions internally.

Dado Internal: the low panelling around a room.

Dentil Small closely spaced blocks forming part of a cornice.

Dormer window Projecting window from pitched roof slopes.

Egg and Dart A form of “egg-like” decoration in a moulding usually under a cornice.

Entablature The whole assemblage of parts supported by a Classical column, comprising Architrave, Frieze and Cornice. In Georgian and Victorian shop front design the frieze is deepened to form the fascia.

Euro-bin Large enclosed rubbish container on wheels with a sliding top.

Faience A form of glazed tiles or bricks which becaame popular in the late 19th century and early 20th century.

Fanlight Glazed opening above doors or windows.

Fascia The vertical panel above a shop front window.

Finial Ornament finishing off the apex of a roof gable, pediment, pinnacle, newel, canopy etc.

Flute Vertical channelling in the shaft of a column or pilaster.

Frieze The middle of the three primary divisions of the Entablature. It can be a plain horizontal band or carry decoration.

Gauged Arch Flat arch over dooor or window openings formed in tapered elements, usually cut, shaped soft bricks.

Glazing bar Structural and decorative divisions in glazing.

Granite Sett Stone block used for paving.

Guard rail Post and railed panel used to direct and protect pedestrians.

Lamb’s Tongue Moulding Curved pointed cross-section bead or glazing bar.

Lintel The horizontal beam or support spanning an opening.

Listed Building A building contained in a list of buildings of special architectural or historic interest prepared by the Secretary of State for the Environment (under Section 54 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1971) for which planning permission is required for demolition, alterations or extensions. The listing applies to internal and external fixtures of the building and sometimes applies to internal and external colours.

Local Roads All roads in the Borough which are not secondary or district roads. These roads should provide local access only and not be used by through traffic.

Lucarne Dormer window, usually of oval shape.

Mutules Blocks attached conventionally under Doric cornices.

Neo-classical The last phase of Georgian architecture based on archaeological research into Graeco-Roman precedents.

Paterae Circular or oval disc-like ornament in classical architecture.

Pediment The triangular feature in classical architecture which resembles a gable over porticoes, windows and doors.

Piazza In Covent Garden the Italianate term for a square was cockneyfied to apply to the arcaded walks around the sides.

Pilaster Half column, vertical decorative device appplied to buildings.

Quoins Decorative corner or edge detailing of staggered rectangular forms.

Rubbish compactor A sealed container with mechanical equipment to crush rubbish.

Rustication A treatment of masonry or rendering with sunken chamfered joints and, or, deliberately rough tooling.

Sash Window Vertical sliding counterbalanced window in two halves.

Soffit The underside of a beam or lintel.

Stall riser Part of a shop front. The vertical panel between ground level and cill below shop front window.

String course A decorative moulding or projecting course set horizontally along the elevation of a building.

Stucco A plaster used for coating wall surfaces or moulding into architectural decoration or relief sculpture.

Trabeated Constructed with straight beams rather than arches.

Trompe-l’oeil Painting designed to make the spectator think features represented are real.

Tuck Pointing A characteristic 18th and 19th century form of pointing brickwork by inserting a thin, bright white putty with regular edges into coloured mortar joints to give a more precise and neat effect.

Venetian Window or Arch Tripartite arrangement of openings with a central arched section flanked by low, flat-topped openings.

Verre Eglomise A form of glass etched and painted sign, typical of the late Victorian shop front.

York stone Natural yellow/grey coloured sandstone traditionally used in London for paving.

Covent Garden Area Trust
42 Earlham St, The 7 Dials Club, London WC2H 9LA
Tel: 020 7497 9245 | admin@cgareatrust.org.uk
Registered Charity No: 299874. Registered at Companies House, Cardiff. Registered No: 02280893.

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